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Warping

LYONS WARPING MILL

The Lyons warping mill is of a more or less luxurious manufacture in the choice of used wood and shape more or less shaped by the details) which compose it.

It consists of a mill of metre in diameter containing 8 vertical feet arranged around a central axis which have in every extremity a metal rod among which that of the height is longer than that of the bottom.

This mobile mill is fixed to one shaft formed by 4 vertical feet about 2 metres in height and by two high crossbars and two low crossbars in shape of cross the centre of which is drilled by a hole receiving the metal stalks of the axis of the mill. A wheel fixed at the foot of the mill, on its central axis allows to pull its rotation.

One of 4 feet of the shaft crosses the part which slides vertically on him. It slides on this foot in an ascending or downward movement according to the direction of rotation of the mill. Indeed, a cord connects the sliding part with the mill through a pulley and winds around the superior metal stalk of the axis of the mill, so the sliding part go up or fall on the foot of the shaft.

BOBBIN RACK AND BENCH

The warping mill is accompanied with a bench which contains a crank and a wheel with belt connecting the lower wheel of the mill by drawing one eight. The warping worker sat on this bench turns the crank to make turn the warping mill.

The warping mill is also accompanied with a bobbin rack which receives the bobbins of thread which will allow to constitute the warp on the warping mill..

On this illustration, one sees awarping worker sat on its bench, and one distinguishes the threads coming from the bobbin rack to meet on the sliding piece of the warping mill before winding on the drum of this one.

 

THE SLIDING PART

This illustration details the sliding part of the warping mill. One can notice both holes in the height of the sliding part. Indeed, the vertical foot of the shaft on which slides the sliding part is indeed double. This allows a sliding much better than the one that one would have with a simple foot and the hole only one on the slidind part. Both small muffs fixed to the sliding part, as well as three rods allow to settle the threads and to apply them an equal tension.

Once the warping is done and before the "pliage" on the back roller of the loom, the warp is "raised", that is rolled up on a horizontal drum.

 

The next stage :

It is from this drum that the warp will be put on theback roller of the loom with the use of a new tool, the "rateau".