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(109 words - updated february 11 2002)

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Definition

acrylique

acrylic

-

ameublement

furnishing

-

apprêt

finish treatment

mechanical or chemical treatments intended to modify the aspect of the fabric after weaving mill

armure

armour

Order of crossing of warp yarns and weft: satin, canvas, taffeta, reps, sergé...

atelier

workshop

-
baguette d'enverjure lease stick -

banc - banquette

seat

The arm weaver weaves sat on the banquette of the loom.

bâti

loom frame

Strong structure of the loom ( feet, crossbars...).

battant

sley, batten

The batten supports the reed intended to compress the weft.

battre

beat

Move the batten to compress the weft.

besace

weight box

System of braking of the back roller, often a wooden box loaded with weight.

bobiner

to wind

Fill bobbins with thread.
bobinoir bobbin winder -

bouclé

curl-curled

Thread whim for the weft.

boucle

loop

-

bourre

noils

-

bras

arm

-

brillant

bright

-

brocart

brocade

Material of shaped silk, bound by golden thread.

brocatelle

brocatel

Material of shaped silk

broché

figured-stitched

Material of shaped silk. The weft doing drawing crosses the warp only on the drawing. One uses espolins (small shuttles) or special batten.

broche

spindle

-

broche de navette

shuttle spindle

-
cadre d'ourdissage warping board -

calendrage

calendering

-

caméléon

taffeta chameleon

Silk taffeta of changeable aspect containing 3 colours: a colour of warp, and a weft formed by 2 threads of different colours. One uses a special shuttle which carries two quills of weft and especially allows them to remain strictly parallel, without overlapping.

caneter

to quill

-

canetiere

pirn winding machine

-

canette

quill

Support the weft thread in the shuttle
canne cane -

cannelé

fluted

-

cantre

creel - bobbin rack

Frame containing a set of spindles on which one arranges bobbins to proceed to the warping of a warp.

carte

fabric hand

One says about a silk fabric that it has fabric hand when it seems like paper.

carton

card

Box drilled for the mechanics Jacquard loom.

casse-fil

stop motion

System allowing to stop a machine when a thread breaks .

ceinture

waistband

-

chaine

warp

All the longitudinal threads in a tissue.

chanvre

hemp

-

charge

regain

-

chenille

chenille

Thread whim looking like the velvet or one... caterpillar.
cheville d'ourdissage hand-stick -
chien ratchet -

chrysalide

chrysalis

The chrysalis is transformed into butterfly in the cocoon.

col

collar

-

compte

count of yarn

Number of threads in the cm in a fabric, a number of teeth in the cm in a reed.
composteur cane roller, cross rod -

cotelé

ribbed

-

coton

cotton

-

coupé

cut

-

couturier

dressmaker

-

craquant

scroop of silk

-

crochet

hook

-

croisure

lease

Crossing of threads

damas

damask

Material of shaped silk

damassé

damasked

-

decreusage

boiling-off

Action to dissolve the stoneware of the raw silk.

decreusée

boiled-off

-

denier

unit size of silk

Unit of thickness of the silk thread.
dent (du peigne) dent (of reed) -

dentelle

lace-work

-

dessin

design

-

dévidage

winding

Put the silk from a hank to bobbins.

dévidoir

skein winder

-

dévider

to swift

-

drap

woolen cloth

-

échantillon

sample

-

écheveau

skein, hank

-

écru

crude

Not dyed

encantrer

to place yarn containers on creel

Put bobbins on the creel .

encroix, encroiser

cross, to take the cross

-
endroit front -

enfiler

to thread

Cross warp yarns in heddles.
enroulage winding -

ensimage

finish

Treatment of finish

ensouple

cane beam, back roller

Back roller supporting the warp.

enverjure, enverjer

cross, to take the cross

= encroix
envers back -
élastique elastic, or spring in the Jacquard mechanic -

épinglé

corded

Curled velvet ( not cut buckles)

épluchoir

picker

Small tool to work on warp yarns. A highly-rated does awl, the other fact crowbar.
espace space -
étappe stage -

étoffe

stuff

-

faconné

with jacquard figured design

Fabrics with representational motive (not geometrical) which can not be weaved by means of shafts. One uses a mechanics Jacquard which allows one raises independent from every thread .

fantaisie

fancy

-

feutre

felt

-

fil

yarn

-

fil cardé

carded yarn

-

flanelle

flannel

-

flotte

hank

-

flotter

to float

-

forces

shears

Scissors of the weaver.
foule open shed Opening between threads tablecloths by where passes the shuttle.
frein à friction friction brake -

gaufré

honeycombed-puckered

-

gaze

gauze

Transparent material where warp yarns cross themselves between two passages of weft .

granité

granite-like

-

grège

row silk

Raw silk produced by the silkworm.

habillement

clothing

-

harnais

harness

Set of shafts on the loom

imprimé

printed

-
index (de la main) first finger -
intervalle compartment -

laine

wool

-

lancé

shot

Material of silk shaped in which one uses several thrown shuttles.
lames du battant swords of batten -

largeur

width

-

lève

lever motion

Movement upward warp yarns.

lin

linen

-

lisière

selvage

Border of a fabric.

lisse

heddle

The warp yarn passes through the eyelet) of heddle fixed on a shaft.
lissette lath -

longueur

length

-

maille

heddle

-
maille coton leashe -
masse du battant race block -

métier à tisser

loom

-

mise en carte

pattern on squared design paper

Reproduction of the drawing (sketch) on a paper of stake in card covered (marked out in squares).

mode

fashion

-

mohair

angora goat hair

-

moirage

watering

-

moiré

watered

-

moirer

to water

-
mortaise mortise -

motif

pattern

-

natté

plaited-mat-like

-

navette

shuttle

-
navette à main hand-shuttle -

nettoyage

cleaning

-

noeud

knot

-

nouage

knotting of warp thread

To attach every thread of the end of the old warp in those of the beginning of the new warp. It avoids redoing the reaching in and the pricking in reed .

nouer

to knot warp threads

-

nouveau

new

-

nuance

tint

-

ombre

shade

-

ondé

undulated silk

Thread whim

organsin

organzine

Silk thread for the warp.

ourdir

to warp

Roll up threads together to make a warp.

ourdissage

warping

-
ourdisseur, ourdisseuse warper -
ourdissoir vertical warping mill -

ouvré

worked

-
pas open shed Opening between threads tablecloths by where passes the shuttle.

passette

guide - reed hook - heddle hook

Tool to cross the threads in the heddles or in the reed.

peigne

reed, comb

-

peluche

shaggy

-

pièce

bolt

-
plier to turn the warp on the back roller -
plieur, plieuse beamer -

plissé

purl-loop

-

poids

weight

-
poignée du battant cap of the reed -

polir

to polish

-
ponteau stay -
ponter to stay (the frame loom) -
portée portee -
pouce (de la main) thumb -

poulie

pulley

-

quadrillé

checkered

-
quart de pouce folding magnifier -
rainure, rainurer groove, to groove -

rateau

raddle, vateau

-

ratière

dobby

set of threads to warp together

rayé

stripped

-
régler, réglage to regulate, adjustment -
régulateur automatic cloth advance system -

remettage

reaching in

Passage of warp yarns in heddles.
remetteur, remetteuse enterer -

rentrage

reaching-in

Passage of warp yarns in heddles.
ressort spring -

rochet

ratchet

-

roue dentée

teethed wheel

-

rouet

quill winder

Tool to spin the wool. Ancient of Lyons manual pirn winding machine .

rouleau

roller

-

rouleau arriere

back roller

-

ruban

ribbon

-

saut

loop

-

sauter

to loop

-

schappe

spun-silk yarn

Silk spun from waste.
seuil du battant shuttle race -

soie

silk

-

soie artificielle

artificial silk

-

soie grège

raw silk

Raw silk of the silkworm.

soierie

silk goods

-
support de cadres shaft holder -
support de rouleau bracket -

styliste

designer

-

taffetas

taffeta

Silk fabric, it is the name given to the armor cloth (canvas) in silk trade.
tavelle umbrella swift -

teindre

to dye

-

teint en écheveau

hank dyed

-

teint en flotte

hank dyed

-

teinture

dyeing

-
templet temple -
tige rod -
tire fond screw -

tissage

weaving

-

tisser

to weave

-

tisserand

weaver

-

tisseur

weaver

-

tissu

fabric

-

tors

twist

-

toucher

fabric hand

One says about a silk fabric that it has fabric hand when it seems like paper.
tourillon peg -

trame

weft

-

traverse

tie piece, cross piece

... of the loom
traverse porte battant rocker -

velours

velvet

-
vis screw -