Yves Saint Laurent
Yves Mathieu-Saint-Laurent, known as Yves Saint Laurent, born August 1, 1936 in Oran, Algeria and died on June 1, 2008 in Paris, France, is a great French couturier, one of the most famous in the world and whose collections haute couture are part of the history of the 20th century.
He spent his youth in Oran, before arriving in Paris to work at Dior. Gifted draftsman, his influence grows in this house until replacing Christian Dior to the sudden death of the couturier. Yves Saint Laurent then knows a triumph at the age of twenty-one years, from the first collection "Trapeze".
A few years later, he left the prestigious home of Avenue Montaigne to found the company that bears his name, with his companion Pierre Bergé who will not leave him until his death. The first haute couture collection is presented in 1962; it will be followed by the Mondrian dress or the "Pop Art" collection, which is reminiscent of his taste for art, then The tuxedo and pantsuit inherited from the men's wardrobe, the Saharan that he transforms from a functional garment into an element chic, waders, transparent gowns that make so much ink in the press in full sexual revolution ...
Exotic throughout his life, he is the first to engage for his parades models of Asian or African origin. Modernist and in tune with his time, he created in parallel to haute couture, his luxury ready-to-wear under the name "Rive gauche"; it will become an example for many other designers. In those years, Yves Saint Laurent discovered Morocco where he bought some fifteen years later the Majorelle garden. In the 1970s, the collection "Liberation" marks the spirits; later, several other parades pay tribute to painters, such as Matisse or Van Gogh, to his distant inspirations such as Russia with the collection "Opera-Ballets-Russes" or Asia, collection symbolized by Opium perfume.
He also knows the excesses of alcohol and drugs, his "false friends".
In the following decade, he presents the collection "Picasso" once again reference to art. During these years, the company grows by the success of perfumes, cosmetics or accessories. The designer is then rewarded with an Oscar of fashion.
In the late 1990s, tired of designing ready-to-wear, he focused on haute couture and finally abandoned it in 2002.
Perpetually surrounded and inspired by women, from Victory to Betty Catroux, from Catherine Deneuve to Katoucha, Yves Saint Laurent knows during his career creating for them, and left to his death in 2008 a major heritage for fashion as well as many classics of the female wardrobe. Museums, the cinema or publishers will not stop paying tribute to him.